Horticulture is one of the five branches of agriculture. It’s known to everyone that without food, oxygen and water the human race cannot exist. So we will be examining one of those areas that help provide those things for us.
What is horticulture? Or what does it deal with?
Horticulture deals with the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, and ornamental crops. Look at some of the key terms in the definition such fruits, vegetables and ornamental crops. We all need nutrients from plants which we obtain from their fruits and plus we also obtain it from eating vegetables. We obtain different nutrient from different fruits and vegetables. And horticulture is the medium that enable us to mass produced fruits and vegetables, by combining the other branches of agriculture in the process. It also provides those beautiful flowers we love so much.
How does it combined the other branches?
Well agriculture engineering provides the infrastructure, equipment’s and also more prolific plant through genetic engineering (highbred). Agronomy would ensure the best condition is present to maximize the growth of the plants, through soil management and the formulation of the right fertilizers (nutrients) for the plants. Agricultural economics would deal with the marketing and selling of the fruits, vegetable and ornamental crops produce by the horticulturist (person who study horticulture are called horticulturist). Animal science would ensure an alternative source of cleaner fertilizer (organic fertilizer) is present, if needed.
What does horticulturist do?
Before we go into what horticulturist do, it important that you know that horticulturist are engage in public Gardening, pest management, marketing, research, teaching, inspection, landscaping design and consulting (employ by other industries).
Some of the tasks horticulturist do includes:
- Deal with husbandry and production relating to plants.
- Under take pest, weed and disease management.
- Direct logistic activities such as transportation.
- Marketing and selling of produce.
- Develop and modify business plan according to the present market condition and future trends.
- Maintain high level of health and safety standards.
- Do production analysis ranging from yields, operation cost and profits.
- Stock and nursery management.
- Identify and address technical problem.
- Oversee trial for developed highbred.
- Deal with customer and suppliers.
- Ensure that the operation is in compliance with local and international laws.
- Data recording and taking.
This list does not reflect all the tasks perform by a horticulturist. Horticulturist will perform different tasks base on qualification, industry and management position.
Some career in Horticulture:
- Agricultural Business Consultant
- Horticultural Garden Worker
- Botanist/Plant Biologist
- Business Sales Representative
- Extension Specialist
- Horticultural Therapist
- Food Scientist/Technician
- Interior Landscaping
- Irrigation Specialist
- Greenhouse Manager/Worker
- Plant Breeder/Geneticist
- Plant Pathologist
Some related careers to horticulture:
- Agricultural Economist
- Agricultural Engineer
- Water Quality Specialist
- Weed Scientist
- Park Manager
- Park Ranger
- Plant Physiologist
How can you become a horticulturist?
Well you need to study the following in high school; mathematics, language (base on the country you are from), biology, chemistry, business/accounting, information technology, agricultural science or plant science. Physics is relevant to horticulture, so you can study it as well. You should also try to do the subjects in O-level and A-level or S.A.T to enable you to get into the best universities.
If you manage to do all that you are on your way to becoming a horticulturist, then you should also try to know the laws relating to the field.
Well that’s it for horticulture, I hope you find the content of the post relevant.