A heart attack is cause by blockage of blood supply to the heart, resulting in damage to the heart. The blockages of one of the coronary arteries (blood vessels that supply the heart muscle) that supply blood to the heart cause a heart attack to occur.
A heart attack is usually the work of fatty plaque building up in one or more arteries and/or the formation of a clot on one of the plaques. If treatment is given early during a heart attack it can help to dissolve the clot and reduce damage to the heart muscle.
There as been no single cause for coronary artery disease identified. Two of the main cause is the atherosclerosis of one or more of the coronary arteries and the formation of clots. There are several factors (risk factors) that increase the risk of having a heart attack. The more risk factors a person has, the greater the chance they will have a heart attack. You do not need to suffer from one of the risk factors listed below to suffer a heart attack.
- High blood cholesterol
- Lack of exercise
- Obesity (over weight)
- Excess alcohol consumption
People, who have experience a heart attack and survive, undergo rehabilitation and other form of treatment. This includes therapy to help over eating disorder, alcoholic addiction and smoking. They are also place on an exercise programme. Some patients are required to carry angina medication, such as Anginine tablets with them at all times. This is to reduce the risk of having on heart attack.
One a heart attack as occur it cannot be cure, because the damage cause is permanent. It’s best to live a healthy life style to prevent and reduce the risk of having a heart attack. These are some ways you can live a healthy life style;
- Eat lots of vegetables and fresh fruits
- Dinking water regularly
- Consume more cereals (rice and other gains) and legumes.
- Consume whole gain product such as whole gain bread
- Consume low-fat dairy products
- Make fish a major part of your diet
- Eat a small amount of lean meat
- Consume high fat and/or high sugar product, fast foods, soft drinks, pastries and food with high salt content occasionally
- Olive and canola oil instead of butter
- Consume boil, steam, bake or grill food instead of fry