Leukaemia is a type of cancer cause by the making of too many abnormal white blood cells; Leukaemia affects the blood or blood marrow. The production of too much immature white blood cells called “blasts” result in acute leukaemia and the production of too much mature white blood cells result in chronic leukaemia. Leukaemia cells may not function well to combat infections and may also interfere with the production of red blood cells and platelets in the body, resulting in more white blood cells than red blood cells. Diagnosis of the disease is usually done by repeated blood count and bone marrow examination. Persons with leukaemia are at risk of developing severe and in some cases fatal infection. This is because leukaemia prevents the white blood cell from carrying out there function effectively. Leukaemia can affect people of any age, but more than 80% of all cases are adult.
Leukaemia is a type of cancer cause by the making of too many abnormal white blood cells; Leukaemia affects the blood or blood marrow. Acute leukaemia is cause by a rapid increase in the amount of immature white blood cells. These cells cause crowding, which makes the bone marrow unable to produce healthy blood cells. This type of leukaemia requires immediate treatment, because of rapid progression and accumulation of the malignant cells, which spill over to the blood stream and spread to other organs. Acute leukaemia is the most common form of leukaemia affecting children.
Chronic leukaemia is cause by the excessive build up mature, but still abnormal white blood cells. Chronic leukaemia takes months or years to progress, but the cells are still produce at a higher rate than normal. Chronic leukaemia mostly occurs in elderly individuals. There is no know generally cause for any of the types of leukaemia (what result in it). The few known cause are not usually within the control of the average person.
Leukaemia is treatable. Treatment usually involves medical radiation therapy, chemotherapy or hormone treatment. Leukaemia can treated successfully for many years. The type of leukaemia and the patient age are factors that influence the curing of the disease. Children are the most likely patients to be permanently cured.